Short-circuit power arises during the brief period when both the NMOS (N-channel metal-oxide-semiconductor) and PMOS (P-channel metal-oxide-semiconductor) transistors in a CMOS gate are simultaneously conducting while transitioning between logic states. Here are some techniques to mitigate short-circuit power:
By adjusting the width of transistors in a CMOS gate, the short-circuit current can be controlled. Increasing the size of the PMOS transistor relative to the NMOS transistor can help balance the short-circuit current and reduce its impact.
Threshold Voltage Adjustment
Use of Low-Skew Clocks
By optimizing the logic structure of a circuit, the frequency of short-circuit paths can be reduced. This includes reducing redundant logic paths and avoiding logic configurations that cause excessive short-circuit current.
Advanced Circuit Design
Implementing techniques like dual-Vdd (multiple supply voltages) and power gating can effectively reduce short-circuit power.
Adoption of Clock Gating
Clock gating is a power-saving technique where the clock signal is disabled to certain circuit blocks when they are not in use. This prevents short-circuit power dissipation in those blocks during idle periods.
Inserting pipeline stages in large circuits can break down long paths and reduce the probability of simultaneous short circuits.
By employing these approaches in VLSI design, the short-circuit power component can be effectively reduced, leading to more power-efficient and reliable electronic devices.
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